Today, the type of immunizations and vaccinations that should be administered to our pets can be controversial; but the following five vaccinations are important ones for the following reasons:
1. Rabies It is required by the law to vaccinate your dog or cat against rabies.
Once symptoms develop, rabies is always fatal! The rabies virus attacks the brain and the central system, and is transmitted to humans primarily through the bite or sometimes a scratch of an infected animal.
2. Canine Distemper
Canine distemper is a serious and often viral infection that causes a wide variety of symptoms in infected dogs, including: coughing, nasal discharge, vomiting and diarrhea, and sometimes seizures. Dogs can become infected when they come into direct contact with a sick dog or with an environment contaminated by that dog. That is why most reputable dog boarding establishments require this vaccination. It is to insure dog parents that their dog is safe from distemper when boarding there.
PLEASE NOTE: The DA2PP vaccination, commonly referred to as the “distemper shot,” protects dogs against canine distemper, infectious hepatitis, parvovirus, and para-influenza. It is considered a core vaccination and is recommended for all dogs.
3. Canine Infectious Hepatitis
Canine Infectious Hepatitis is a viral disease of the liver. The hepatitis virus is transmitted in urine or nasal or eye secretions of infected animals and can cause severe, permanent damage.
4. Canine Parvovirus
Canine Parvovirus is highly contagious and easily spread, and can cause serious or even fatal disease in unvaccinated dogs, particularly puppies. We have been cautioned to be careful allowing your dogs to drink from public dog water bowls. Even though it is a nice gesture, one does not know if a dog who has drunk from the bowl has been vaccinated for this and the risk is too great to take a chance. We advise always having your own portable dog bowl and some handy water to eliminate the concern of other dogs supping from the same bowl. Common symptoms of this virus are: vomiting, blood diarrhea, and severe dehydration. It is recommended that all dogs be vaccinated against this disease when they are a puppy.
5. Bordetella Bronchiseptica
A big word for another common cause of kennel cough in dogs. Like parainfluenza, it is highly contagious and can spread the air. Bordetella infections are most common in dogs that are housed with or spend a lot of time with many other dogs, and vaccination is generally recommended for dogs who will be boarded frequently. If your dog attends doggy day care or visits dog parks frequently, this is highly advised. Most boarding places and doggy day care require this vaccination before allowing your pet to board.
It is always recommended to consult with the advise of your veterinarian before administering immunizations and vaccinations to your pets.
Article Courtesy of 50 PLUS REPORT Editorial Team
Sources: American Hospital Association, Humane Society, American Association of Feline Practitioners, University College of Veterinary Medicine.